The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (hereinafter referred to as the Commission) is a statutory body constituted under Section 3 of the CPCR Act, 2005 to protect the rights of all children and address other related matters in the Country. The mandate of the Commission is to ensure that all laws, policies, programmes, and administrative mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective, as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). The functions of the Commission are to study and monitor all matters relating to constitutional and legal rights of children; to examine and review the safeguards provided by any law for the protection of child rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation in the best interest of the child; to review the existing laws and suggest amendments therein, if considered necessary; to look into complaints or take suo-motu notice of the cases involving the violation of constitutional and legal rights of the children; and to monitor implementation of laws and programmes relating to the survival, welfare and development of children. The Commission is further mandated to monitor the proper and effective implementation of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012; Juvenile Justice (Care & Protection of Children) Act, 2015; and the Right to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009.
The Commission has been continuously making efforts within its mandate to address the issue of engaging children in such work that violates the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 and Amendment Act, 2016. Amongst other areas, children under the age of 14 years are being engaged in brick kilns which is categorized under [Processes (industrial activity)] in ‘The Schedule’ of the said Act. Whereas no child shall be employed or permitted to work in any occupation or process as per Section 3(1) inserted through the CLPR Amendment Act, 2016. However, children residing with their parents in the brick kilns are consequently involved in the process of brick production. The biggest challenge that remains in knowing the extent of the problem and thereby designing an intervention is unavailability of relevant data. As brick kiln is largely an unorganized sector, a consolidated set of data on brick kilns is also not available. Therefore, to be able to work in this area, the first step for the Commission is to collect relevant data from the States. For this an online link has been generated containing indicators for uploading the data related to brick kilns.